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Katyn Massacre - educational materials

We encourage you to read some educational materials on the subject.

 

At the beginning there was a collusion of silence

In the summer of 1941, during negotiations on the resumption of Polish-Soviet relations, Prime Minister Władysław Sikorski raised the issue of prisoners of war in the USSR. The Soviets had lowered the number of detainees to 20,000 and hid the fact that they had murdered around 8,000 officers of the Polish Army and many other citizens of the Second Polish Republic in the spring of 1940. On 4 July 1941, British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden informed the British envoy to Moscow Stafford Cripps and US Ambassador to London John Winant that there were "only 20,000" Polish prisoners of war, considering the Soviet explanations sufficient…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/3999,At-the-beginning-there-was-a-collusion-of-silence.html

 

 

 

 

The Katyn lie. Its rise and duration

We would like to present a text authored by Dr Witold Wasilewski, a historian of the Institute of National Remembrance, in which he discusses the Soviet falsification and concealment of the truth about the Katyń Massacre for almost half a century.

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4020,The-Katyn-lie-Its-rise-and-duration.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soviet Politburo order for the NKVD to murder Polish Pows and Detainees

80 years ago, the highest Soviet authorities approved Beria’s proposal to kill Polish POWs and detainees. The approval was issued as the order no. P13/144, and set in motion the preparations for the Katyn Massacre, followed by the transfer to the execution sites…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/3924,Soviet-Politburo-order-for-the-NKVD-to-murder-Polish-Pows-and-Detainees.html

 

 

 

 

The IPN’s prosecutors on the investigation into the Katyn Massacre

We present the information about the findings of the investigation conducted by the Branch Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation in Warsaw regarding the investigation into the Katyn Massacre…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4041,The-IPNs-prosecutors-on-the-investigation-into-the-Katyn-Massacre.html

 

Katyn Massacre: Basic facts

Katyń is a symbol of the criminal policy of the Soviet system against the Polish nation. The present study aims to demonstrate the basic facts of Katyn massacre – the execution of almost 22,000 people: Polish prisoners of war in Katyn, Kharkov, Kalinin (Tver) and also other Polish prisoners (soldiers and civilians), which took place in the spring of 1940 in different places of the Soviet Ukraine and Belarus republics based on the decision of the Soviet authorities…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/1105,Katyn-Massacre-Basic-Facts.html

 

 

 

 

The Katyn Massacre

For many years, the term Katyn Massacre denoted the NKVD's murder of Polish prisoners of war from the Kozelsk camp in Katyn near Smolensk…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/3996,The-Katyn-Massacre.html

 

 

 

Katyn – the school of lying of the Polish Workers’ Party

On April 11th 1943 the Germans began the propaganda campaign regarding the discovery of mass graves of the Polish officers in Katyń, murdered by the NKVD in 1940. Street megaphones in the General Government for occupied Poland and propaganda press were announcing the victims’ names and information of the documents and personal items found on them…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4014,Katyn-the-school-of-lying-of-the-Polish-Workers-Party.html

 

 

 

German evidence of the Soviet crime from the USA

In the morning, on 11 October 1951, Ray Madden opened the first session of the Select Committee to Conduct an Investigation and Study of the Facts, Evidence, and Circumstances of the Katyn Forest Massacre.

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4008,German-evidence-of-the-Soviet-crime-from-the-USA.html

 

 

 

Under Katyn’s shadow. Reflections on underage and female victims of the Katyn massacre

Since the end of the war, for more than 50 years, any works presenting the crimes of the Soviet occupant were officially forbidden from being distributed in the Polish People’s Republic. After all, they were in opposition of the “state truth” of the USSR as the country of wealth, Poland’s ally and Allied powers in the fight against fascist Germany…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4005,Under-Katyns-shadow-Reflections-on-underage-and-female-victims-of-the-Katyn-mass.html

 

 

 

To return to the Motherland’s womb. A few words on the deported families of the victims of Katyń.

The decisions made by the Soviet authorities in March 1940 regarded the criminal actions towards the Polish citizens. And they were not limited only to the murder decided on by the Politburo of the United Workers’ Party on March 5th 1940, but had much larger repercussions…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4002,To-return-to-the-Motherlands-womb-A-few-words-on-the-deported-families-of-the-vi.html

 

 

 

“They were shot in the back of the head” – The Katyn Massacre exhibition

The Katyń Massacre - the massacre perpetrated by the NKVD in the spring of 1940 on about 22,000 Polish POWs and prisoners captured after 17 September 1939 left a heavy mark on the pages of Polish history. By Lavrentiy Beria’s decision of March 5, 1940, all prisoners held in the prison camps of Kozelsk, Starobyelsk and Ostashkov, and prisons of western Ukraine and Belarus, were labelled “enemies of the Soviet state”. Executions began in April and went on until mid-May…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/900,They-were-shot-in-the-back-of-the-head-The-Katyn-Massacre-exhibition.html

 

 

 

 

Janina Lewandowska – the only servicewoman murdered in Katyn

Janina Antonina Lewandowska was born on 22 April 1908 in Kharkiv. She was a Polish World War II pilot killed by the Soviets in the Katyn Massacre. Her father, Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, was a Polish General. Janina Lewandowska was one of over 20,000 Polish prisoners of war murdered by Soviet troops in the Katyn Forest in an effort to eliminate Poland’s elites…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4029,Janina-Lewandowska-the-only-servicewoman-murdered-in-Katyn.html

 

 

 

 

STANISŁAW HALLER (1872-1940)

Stanisław Haller de Hallenburg  was a Polish politician and general murdered in the Katyn massacre. He was a cousin of General Józef Haller…

Read more: https://ipn.gov.pl/en/news/4032,STANISLAW-HALLER-1872-1940.html

 

 

 

 

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